Ukraine UN humanitarian agencies step up aid deliveries as bitter winter takes

The UN World Food Programme (WFP) today delivered food to areas of Luhansk for the first time since the suspension of humanitarian activities four months ago, with a 12-truck convoy carrying enough supplies to feed more than 7,000 people for one month. More convoys bringing food to Luhansk are planned, with the next one scheduled to arrive later this week. “As another harsh winter begins, WFP is concerned about the growing needs of the most vulnerable conflict-affected people; especially those who had to flee their homes,” the agency said in a news release.WFP is seeking to provide food to more than 100,000 people affected by the conflict in non-government controlled areas in both the Luhansk and Donetsk regions by the end of 2015. Today’s deliveries came two weeks after the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) brought in supplies to Luhansk, including plastic sheeting, construction material and thousands of blankets.“Still, humanitarian organizations face major challenges in gaining access to the most vulnerable among an estimated 5 million people affected by the conflict that started in the region in April 2014,” WFP said.“The conflict has displaced hundreds of people in Luhansk; they fled their homes, left their jobs and have no means of support other than external assistance that they had been deprived of for four months,” WFP Head of Office in Ukraine Giancarlo Stopponi said today. In Luhansk, the food will be distributed through WFP’s partner, the international non-government organization (NGO) Mercy Corps, while in Donetsk, the international NGO People In Need, will carry out distributions. WFP is targeting the most vulnerable, including elderly and disabled people as well as single-parent households.In government-controlled areas of both Donetsk and Luhansk, including areas near the front-line and in buffer-zone villages, WFP has continued to provide assistance over the past four months. WFP delivered food for over 20,000 people last month in non-Government controlled areas in Donetsk, after humanitarian access to the area resumed. . read more

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Coaldrying technology to increase energy reduce emissions and save money

first_imgA coal-drying technology that will extract more energy from high moisture coal at less cost and simultaneously reduce potentially harmful emissions is ready for commercial use after successful testing at a Minnesota electric utility. The DryFiningTM technology – developed with funding from the first round of the US Department of Energy’s Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI) – uses waste heat from a power plant to reduce the moisture content of lignite, whilst also segregating particles by density. This means a significant amount of higher density compounds containing sulphur and mercury are sorted out and returned to the mine, rather than oxidised in the boiler. As part its CCPI-funded project, Great River Energy tested a 104.3-t prototype dryer in the company’s 546 MW Coal Creek Station Unit 2 in Underwood, North Dakota. Following a successful increase in boiler efficiency and reduction of emissions, Great River Energy expanded the project by building full-scale dryer modules for the entire Coal Creek Station. The Office of Fossil Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory manages the CCPI program.Great River Energy has selected the WorleyParsons Group to exclusively distribute licences for the technology. Great American Energy, a 50-50 joint venture of Great River Energy and the North American Coal Corp, will also market the technology, whose first user will be the utility’s Spiritwood Station under construction near Jamestown, North Dakota.At the Coal Creek Station, the technology increased the energy content of the lignite from 6,200 to 7,100 btu/Ib, thereby reducing fuel input into the boilers by 14%. At the same time, sulphur dioxide and mercury emissions were reduced by more than 40%, nitrogen oxide by more than 20%, and carbon dioxide by 4%.Lignite accounts for about 7% of annual coal production in the US, and is an important energy source for electricity generation. In general, lignite has a higher moisture and ash content, resulting in a lower power efficiency and higher rate of emissions than coals with less moisture.last_img read more

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